By now, it should be no surprise to listeners of The Difference that young African-American men are falling behind their peers in the classroom.
The causes are myriad, well-documented, and can be vexing for policymakers to address.
But what about unseen elements that are harder to quantify, like racism? What effect can racial bias have on children just starting their academic lives, and what can educators do to address the problem?
Ron Lewis is the program director of Trio Services at the University of St. Francis, which provides counseling and services to students of disadvantaged backgrounds.
WBOI's Virginia Alvino talked with Lewis to get his take on the effects of racial bias in the K-12 experience.
This is the latest installment in WBOI's yearlong project, "The Difference."
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